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Learn Chinese for beginners,
Lesson 5, basic grammar

Video

( Don’t forget the test at the bottom! )

Chinese basic grammar
Chinese words from the video

(written in pinyin and Chinese characters)

是        shi               verb “to be”

中国    zhongguo    China

人        ren               person

我 是      中国人。    

I   am   a Chinese.

真的    zhende         really

便宜    pianyi           cheap

它们         很   便宜。

They are very cheap.

在        zai                in

我     在  中国。

I  am in China.

外国    waiguo          abroad

你    是      外国人。

You are a foreigner.

贵        gui                expensive

它     很       贵。

It is very expensive.

英国    yingguo         the UK

美国    meiguo          the USA

你         在    美国。

You are in the USA.

是的    shi de            yes

不是    bu shi            no

Chinese, basic grammar
TEST

1. The verb TO BE, in Chinese, is SHI. What is the best pronunciation for SHI?

(A) she (as in “she is a girl”)

(B) sh (as in “fish”)

(C) see (as in “did you see”)

(D) [ ʃə] (as in “shall we”)


2. Which of these Chinese characters means TO BE?

(A) 走

(B) 定

(C) 是

(D) 建


3. Which of these frases DON’T use the verb TO BE in its Chinese translation?

(A) I’m tired.

(B) You’re good.

(C) Where are you?

(D) My father is president.


4. Which of these frases DO use the verb TO BE in its Chinese translation?

(A) We’re in China now.

(B) Are you a teacher or a police officer?

(C) It’s cold today!

(D) That lady is my neighbour.


5. How do you write CHINA in Chinese with pinyin?

(A) zong gou

(B) zhong gou

(C) zhong guo

(D) zhuong guo


The noun “a Chinese”, in Chinese, is 

“a China person”. 


6. How do you write with Chinese characters the question “Are you a Chinese?” 

(A) 你 是 中国人 吗?

(B) 他 是 中国人 吗?

(C) 你 是 中国人?

(D) 你 中国人 吗?


7. How do you write “expensive / cheap” in pinyin?

(A) pianyi / gui

(B) gui / pianyi

(C) giu / pianyi

(D) panyi / gui


8. How do you write “We’re in China” with Chinese characters?

(A) 我们 是 在 中国

(B) 我 在 中国 吗

(C) 我 在 中国

(D) 我们 在 中国


9. How do you write “the USA / the UK” in pinyin?

(A) mayguo / yingguo

(B) meigou / yingguo  

(C) meiguo / yingguo

(D) meiguo / yinguo 


10. Ni shi zhongguoren ma?

(A) 是的

(B) 不是

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